Have you ever heard of depression that tends to occur at a certain time of the year?
This type of depression is what we term as seasonal affective disorder depression. This kind of depression is dependent on the season hence its name. You might not be very familiar with the name 'seasonal affective disorder depression', but surely you have heard of its other names. Seasonal affective disorder depression is also called winter blues, winter depression, summer blues, summer depression, or seasonal depression.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) depression is a type of mood disorder wherein the patient is mentally healthy all throughout the year except in a particular season specifically during the winter or rarely, in the summer. During these times of the year, the person who suffers from seasonal affective disorder depression experiences some symptoms of depression.
In the past, people have not accepted it as a valid diagnosis and specialists were quite skeptical about it. However, as of today, it is a recognized mental disorder. Studies have shown that seasonal affective disorder depression is fairly a common disorder with an occurrence in the United States which ranges from 1.4 % Florida up to 9.7 % New Hampshire.
The signs and symptoms of seasonal affective depression are the following:
When the symptoms of seasonal affective disorder are not properly managed or given treatment, it may lead to dangerous complications such as violence or even death (suicide). You may check out other signs and symptoms of classic depression since symptoms of seasonal affective disorder and classic depression are similar in some ways.
Although the condition seasonal affective disorder tends to happen during the winter, there is also a rare form of seasonal depression that takes place during the summer time. This summer depression is termed as reverse seasonal affective disorder.
An interesting thing to know about seasonal depression is that despite the fact that the signs and symptoms can become pretty severe, these signs, and symptoms most often than not clear up when the season passes. However, this doesn't mean that seasonal affective disorder should just be left to pass its course. Note that some symptoms may be severe and irreversible. A perfect example is suicide.
It was only in the year 1984 that seasonal affective disorder was formally recognized. It was thanks to Mr. Norman E. Rosenthal and his colleagues which made SAD a valid mental diagnosis.
There are many different kinds of approaches when treating seasonal affective disorder. Here are some of the methods: light therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, antidepressant or medication, ionized air administration and a lot more.